Monument details

HER Number:1007/1
Type of record:Archaeology
Name:Mesolithic-Neolithic activity at Helsby Hill


Helsby Hillfort is situated at the north end of the Cheshire Sandstone Ridge immediately to the east of Helsby village. It is a bivallate hillfort bounded to the south and east by two parallel ramparts and an unusual type of inturned entrance approximately 10m wide. The main enclosure is approximately 1.9ha.

In 2009 a new project to study the hillforts of Cheshire included a new excavation of Helsby over the locations of the 1955 and 1964 trenches. The excavations proved significant, revealing evidence of activity in the area prior to the construction of the hillfort comprising a buried soil containing fossilised pollen dating to the late Mesolithic to early Neolithic. This was followed by a burning episodedating to the early Neolithic suggestive of occupation or woodland clearance in the area.


Monument Types

  • BURIED SOIL HORIZON (Mesolithic to Neolithic - 7000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • BURNT AREA (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 1013292: Promontory fort on Helsby Hill 250m north west of Harmers Lake Farm

Cheshire East Council and Cheshire West & Chester Council - Working in Partnership
Heritage Lottery Fund